The science behind pesticide agents - How do they work

The science behind pesticide agents - How do they work

Pesticides have become an integral part of modern agriculture. They can protect crops from pests, diseases, and weeds. But have you ever wondered how these chemical agents work? This article will briefly discuss the science behind pesticides and explore their different examples.

Mode of action

pesticides can disrupt the normal functioning of pests. They restrict insects and other bacteria from damaging crops. There are three main categories of pesticides: insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides, each targeting specific types of pests. Insecticides interfere with the nervous system of insects. They disrupt neurotransmission and cause death. Herbicides target essential metabolic processes in plants and lead to stunted growth of foreign bodies. On the other hand, fungicides disrupt fungal cell membranes and inhibit fungal enzymes. 

Top 4 Popular examples

Mesityl oxide: Mesityl oxide, also known as 4-methyl-3-penten-2-one is primarily employed as a solvent in various industrial applications, such as coatings, adhesives, and fragrances. However, it is also used as an insect repellent in many industries.

Terpinen-4-ol: Terpinen-4-ol, a compound found in tea tree oil, has demonstrated insecticidal and repellent properties against various pests. You will find this ingredient often incorporated into formulations for household insect repellents, pet care products, and natural insecticides.

While tea tree oil and its components, including terpinen-4-ol, can have pesticidal effects, their use as pesticides may be subject to regulatory approval and guidelines.

Thymol: Thymol acts as an insecticide by disrupting the insects' nervous system and respiratory function. It can lead to paralysis and death of the insects. It has been used to control pests such as mosquitoes, flies, ants, and mites. Plus, thymol has repellent properties which can deter pests from feeding or laying eggs on treated surfaces.

Caryophyllene oxide: Caryophyllene oxide has shown potential as a pesticide due to its insecticidal and repellent properties. You can find this compound in various plants like cloves, basil, and cinnamon.

Research suggests that caryophyllene oxide can act as a contact insecticide. It can disrupt the nervous system of insects and cause mortality. Moreover, it has been investigated for its repellent effects against pests such as mosquitoes and stored-product insects.

You can contact SBBLG for all your pesticide needs. They are one of the popular pesticide agent suppliers in India.